Take a look at the graph below to understand the organization of French higher education.
Different types of institutions
There are a lot of public/private schools in France for higher education. The public schools are financed by the French government, so tuition is nearly free.
Schools are classified into four groups :
les "Grandes Ecoles"
They are uniquely French institutions. They are extremely selective and offer a very high standard of education.
Students have to go through a highly competitive process to enroll in those schools : preparatory classes.
Learn more about different kinds of Grandes Ecoles (ENS, Engineering Schools, Business Schools, Veterinary Schools) here.
Classes are in French even though some "grandes écoles" are now offering classes in English.
That is : schools of architecture, schools of art, social sector schools and paramedical schools.
The LMD organization in French universities
French universities are currently in the process of harmonizing their degrees with those of other European countries, by adopting the LMD System (Licence/Master/ Doctorat).
Each degree is obtained by European Credit Transfer and the Accumulation System acquisition (ECTS).
a licenceis obtained by 180 ECTS credits (3 years).
a doctorat is obtained by 480 ECTS credits or 180 ECTS credits after the master’s degree (8 years).
American colleges and universities are very different from French institutions. Thus, it is quite hard to compare the two systems. However here are some points of comparison :
High School Diploma
This diploma doesn’t necessarily allow an American student to enter a French college or university. This is not the equivalent to the French "baccalauréat". The admission depends on the American school where the diploma was earned, the number of credit hours and the type of field studied.
If the student has written a dissertation in order to obtain a Master’s degree, French universities consider the student as postgraduate. Without a dissertation, the student must prepare a Master’s degree.
The French doctorate is similar to the American one.
There is no official system of equivalent diplomas between France and the United States, but you can find here some information about recognized degrees in France and in the US.
Recognition of foreign qualifications in France
There is no offical rule about the equivalence between foreign qualifications and French qualifications delivered by the Education department, but you can find heresome information about levels of education.
Recognition of French diplomas in the United States
In the United States, there are private services of degree evaluation, that evaluate how your American degree will correspond with degrees granted in the French educational system. You will find more information about foreign degrees recognized by the American education system on the Department of Education website.
For further information, please visit Frenchculture.